If you have been diagnosed with Pre-Diabetes, it means you are at risk of developing:
- Type-2 Diabetes
- Heart Disease
- Kidney Failure
- Amputation or Loss of Toes, Feet or Legs
Diabetes develops when the body loses control of its blood glucose level
Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, cells in the pancreas that produce insulin have been destroyed. The body needs the hormone insulin to use glucose as fuel for cells and to control the amount of glucose in the blood. So people with type 1 diabetes need to help their body to use glucose properly by using insulin injections.
Type 2 Diabetes
In type 2 diabetes the body either cannot produce enough insulin, or the insulin the body produces does not work properly. Type 2 diabetes is normally linked to older people although in recent year’s younger adults and children are being diagnosed. It can be treated with lifestyle changes although some people may need medication too.
A person with diabetes is able to live a long healthy and active life, when diabetes is controlled. If the diabetes is not controlled, overtime it can cause a breakdown of the major organs in the body such as the nerves, eyes, lungs, heart, kidneys.
Diabetes damages small blood vessels supplying the nerves. This can lead to a loss of feeling, especially in the feet. The skin of the feet can become damaged without one knowing, this could result in large ulcers which do not heal well
The kidney's small blood vessels can become damaged, reducing the kidney's ability to function. This damage shows up as protein in the urine. People with diabetes even those who control their blood sugar levels carefully, are prone to infections. The skin, kidneys, bladder and lungs are particularly vulnerable to infection.